Research Abstracts

Select Abstracts from our Research

Geriatric scale of Depression of seniors

PhDr. Nadezda Hrapkova, PhD.

In recent time we had the opportunity to join a European research organised by Mrs. Halina Szwarc in Warsaw under the name of "Geriatric scale of Depression of seniors". In Slovakia 50 senior students and 50 senior non-students were examined. Our research showed that in the group of 50 students 37 had no depression (74%), 10 (20%) had light depression and only 3 (6%) suffer from deep depression. In the group of 50 non-students only 20 (40%) are depression free 25 (50%) has light depression and 5 (10%) suffer deep depression (refer Table 1.1.)

A similar research from Poland (Table 1.2) was conducted in 1994/95 on 77 people, of which there where 65 women (84,4%) and 12 men (15,6%) an aged between 55 and 88 years. The average age was 71 years. Their research showed that more than half (55,8%) of students had no depression at all 37,7% had light depression and 6,5% of students asked suffer deep depression (Szwarc, 1996).

For a further comparison we show results of research at the university of Linz in Austria (Schmidt, 1998) - Table 1.3,. All three works confirm that older people studying at UTA´s and who have a new life programme, feel healthier, and more vital in both body and spirit. They suffer less from depression and they found a new meaning in life and further dimensions.

Table 1.1 - Slovakia
Level of DepressionUTA Studentsnon-students
Free of Depression37 (74%)20 (40%)
Light Depression10 (20%)25 (50%)
Deep Depression3 (6%)5 (10%)
Total50 (100%)50 (100%)
Table 1.2 - Poland
Level of DepressionUTA Students
Free of Depression43 (55.8%)
Light Depression28 (33.7%)
Deep Depression5 (6.5%)
Total77 (100%)
Table 1.3 - Austria
Level of DepressionUTA Students
Free of Depression67 (65.8%)
Light Depression24 (23.7%)
Deep Depression11 (10.5%)
Total102 (100%)



Motivation for study at UTA

PhDr. Nadezda Hrapkova, PhD.

In current modern times there is an increase interest in the quality of one's own life and man's existence. Many of the old feel the need to study in order to make their life more purposeful. These intentions are very different, but there is one common denominator - the personal growth of an individual. The knowledge they gain help them to solve their life problems, to find new value systems, new philosophy of life and in such a way to increase their social activity. Investigating the types of motivation, 414 students were asked to choose from seven possibilities:

Table 2.1 - Motivation for studying at UTA
Type of MotivationNo.%
interest to expand knowledge in other field26564
need for valuable use of their spare time18745
fulfillment of a desire to undertake a university study11929
need for social contact11427.5
need for innovating and expanding knowledge8620
interest in expanding knowledge in own field7117
interest in staying competitive194.6



The selection of study fields at UTA related to occupation

PhDr. Nadezda Hrapkova, PhD.

An examination of how selecting a particular field of study relates to life-long occupation or previous employment revealed that in most cases students choose fields of study different to their occupation. The difference is, however, not very significant and it indicates that students place a measure of importance on innovating and extending their knowledge within their own area of work.


Table 3.1 - selection of field of study
similar to accupation31 (42%)14 (42%)45
dissimilar to occupation43 (58%)19 (58%)62
total74 (100%)33 (100%)107
Table 3.2 - Selection of fields of study relating to usual hobbies
relating to hobbies58 (84%)21 (78%)79
not relating to hobbies11 (16%)6 (22%)17
total69 (100%)27 (100%)96